Warrendale, PA: TMS, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, 1997. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Wraps. ix, , 153,  pages. Figures. Tables. References. Author Index. Subject Index. Name of previous owner on the half-title page. The Symposium on Materials for Spallation Neutron Sources, held in four sessions on February 10-12, 1997, in conjunctions with the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, was the first symposium on this topic to be held under the aegis of TMS. It was sponsored by the Nuclear Materials Committee of the Structural Materials Division. The term "spallation", used in a nuclear context, appears to have been coined by Glenn Seaborg in a short 1947 article in Chemical and Engineering News, and it has been known since about that time that several items of spallation neutrons cab be produced when a 1-2 GeV proton strikes a heavy nucleus. But, it was only relatively recently then--with advances in accelerator technology--that this copious source of neutrons began to be applied in several important ways. One significant application of spallation neutrons is for neutron scattering and diffraction research facilities. Another major application of spallation neutrons sources was for accelerator production of tritium. Other applications may subsequently be developed. The Symposium addressed Radiation Effects, Corrosion, and Neutronics. Spallation is a process in which fragments of material (spall) are ejected from a body due to impact or stress. In nuclear physics, spallation is the process in which a heavy nucleus emits numerous nucleons as a result of being hit by a high-energy particle, thus greatly reducing its atomic weight.
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