Boston, MA: Beacon, 1955. Reprint. Fourth printing, 1960. Trade paperback. , 379,  pages.; 22 cm. Occasional footnotes. Index. Highlighting/underlining. Cover has some wear and soiling. Some pencil and ink marks and comments noted. Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, journalist, and political scientist. He is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people – Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. Aron is also known for his lifelong friendship, sometimes fractious, with philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. Aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. Citing the breadth and quality of Aron's writings, historian James R. Garland suggests, "Though he may be little known in America, Raymond Aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of French intellectualism for much of the twentieth century."
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Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1965. American Edition. Presumed first printing thus. Hardcover. ix, , 265,  pages. Footnotes. DJ has some wear and soiling. Includes Preface to the American Edition, as well as chapters on Fifteen Years of Technological Revolution, 1945-60; The Strategic Theory Takes Shape; Europe and the McNamara Doctrine; The Independent French Deterent; The Future of the Atlantic Alliance; Logic and Paradoxes of the Strategic Theory; and Final Considerations. This book grew out of a course on the influence of nuclear weapons on international relations that Raymond Aron taught at the Institut d"etudes politiques in 1962-63. The book ends with a chapter on Final Considerations. In that final chapter the author tries to look ahead to four variables governing the future of the game of deterrence: The number of countries possessing atomic or thermonuclear weapons; The qualitative arms race, the possible political developments, involving either a realignment of nations, and the consistency or inconsistency of strategic doctrines. Originally written to explain the U.S. position to the French, the book is equally valuable for explaining it to Americans. Finally, and perhaps most vital ,Aron points out where Americans and Europeans have misinterpreted each other's views, and separates the unnecessary confusion from the real issues at stake for the Western allies.