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New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. First Oxford Paperback, first printing [stating]. Trade paperback. xxii, 310,  pages. Illustrations. Tables. Abbreviations. Notes. Bibliography. Index. Cover has some wear and soiling. Label removed from half-title page. Jacques Adler (1927-2017) was born in 1927. Jacques brought his experience in the Resistance to the study of history and used it in his pioneering Ph.D. Jacques joined the Jewish underground in Paris and was active throughout the war. During the Liberation, Jacques was involved in the Resistance takeover of the offices of the Union générale des israélites de France (UGIF), the organization which the Vichy regime forced French Jews to create and pay for in order to control the Jewish community. It was to the UGIF records that Jacques would turn when he began research for a Ph.D.. In 1987, OUP published a version as The Jews of Paris and the Final Solution: Communal Response and Internal Conflicts, 1940–1944. It was in this work that Jacques brought to bear his experience in the underground, in a meticulous study using the records of the UGIF. The leaders of the UGIF were generally from the Jewish establishment. They undertook the work in the naive hope that they could palliate the regime’s implementation of anti-Semitic measures. Jacques undertook his work in a spirit of what the eminent historian H. R. Kedward (1991, English Historical Review, vol. 106, 749–50) called ‘objective scholarship' Adler had good reason, as a resistance activist, to condemn those who took part in Vichy’s institution [UGIF], but he does not do so; rather he leaves the reader to decide whether Jewish compromise with Vichy was avoidable or not.’.
New York: W. W, Norton and Company, 2014. First Edition [Stated], First Printing [Stated]. Hardcover. viii, , 384,  pages. Maps. Illustrations. Notes. Index. Some page color variation noted at fore-edge. Arthur Allen (born 1959 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American author and journalist. Allen graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1981 with an AB in development studies. Since 1995, Allen has mainly written about biology and medicine. He became a freelance writer in 1996, writing articles for a variety of publications, including the Washington Post, the New York Times Magazine, the New Republic, Mother Jones, and Redbook. In 2007, his book Vaccine: The Controversial Story of Medicine's Greatest Lifesaver was published by W. W. Norton. Additional books he has written include Ripe: The Search For The Perfect Tomato (2011), and The Fantastic Laboratory of Dr. Weigl (2014). In 2014, Allen joined the Staff of Politico as eHealth editor, writing and editing stories about heath IT. In March 2020 he left Politico and became an editor at Kaiser Health News. Rudolf Stefan Jan Weigl (2 September 1883 – 11 August 1957) was a Polish biologist, physician and inventor, known for creating the first effective vaccine against epidemic typhus. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Medicine each year between 1930 and 1934, and from 1936 to 1939. Weigl worked during the Holocaust to save the lives of countless Jews by developing the vaccine for typhus and providing shelter to protect those suffering under the Nazis in occupied Poland. For his contributions, he was named a Righteous Among the Nations in 2003.