Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1996. Wraps. ix, , 118 p. Illustrations. Footnotes. Bibliography. MR-789-OSD. This is from the RAND National Defense Research Institute and was prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense. The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization, with unusual implications for how societies are organized and conflicts are conducted. "Netwar" is an emerging consequence. The term refers to societal conflict and crime, short of war, in which the antagonists are organized more as sprawling "leaderless" networks than as tight-knit hierarchies. Many terrorists, criminals, fundamentalists, and ethno-nationalists are developing netwar capabilities. A new generation of revolutionaries and militant radicals is also emerging, with new doctrines, strategies, and technologies that support their reliance on network forms of organization. Netwar may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century. These conclusions are implied by the evolution of societies, according to a framework presented in this RAND study. The emergence of netwar raises the need to rethink strategy and doctrine to conduct counternetwar. Traditional notions of war and low-intensity conflict as a sequential process based on massing, maneuvering, and fighting will likely prove inadequate to cope with nonlinear, swarm-like, information-age conflicts in which societal and military elements are closely intermingled. This 'documented briefing' was prepared for a project on new modes of information-age conflict. This document provides an overview of the netwar concept. This briefing should also be of interest to those concerned with the changing nature of conflict and crime in the information age. Condition: Good. Cover has some wear and soiling.
Keywords: Cyberwar, Netwar, Military Doctrine, Military Strategy, Terrorism, Force Multiplier, Transnational