Staff Officers' Field Manual Nuclear Weapons Employment Doctrine and Procedures; Department of the Army Field Manual FM 101-31-1; Marine Corps Fleet Marine Force Manual FMFM 11-4
Washington DC: Departments of the Army and the Navy, 1968. Reprint which includes current pages from Change 1. Wraps. Three-hole punched and stapled at left side. Various paginations (approximately 160 pages). Figures. Tables. References. Glossary. Index. Figures D and E and present in an envelop inside the back cover. Figure D is a Circular Map Scale with a scale of 1:50,000 and the numbers are in hundreds of meters. Figure E is a Circular Map Scale with a scale of 1:100,000 and the numbers are in hundreds of meters. This manual supersedes FM 101-31-1, 1 February 1963, including all changes. This manual provides guidance to commanders
and staff officers in the operational and logistical aspects of nuclear weapon employment in combat operations. The doctrine presented in this manual is basically concerned with nuclear weapon employment within the field army and the Fleet Marine Force. When the manual discusses special ammunition logistics and vulnerability analyses, the scope is extended to include the area of operations. Guidance is presented for the employment of nuclear weapons in the attack of targets on or near the earth’s surface. The doctrine in this manual is based on the following basic concepts: a. The U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps are organized, equipped, and trained to fight in nuclear warfare, nonnuclear warfare, or under the threat of nuclear warfare. In the latter case, units are prepared to take the actions indicated in this manual should nuclear warfare begin. b. Nuclear weapons may be employed within the area of operations when the theater commander announces that their use has been authorized. c. Once nuclear warfare has commenced, the
authority to employ nuclear weapons is decentralized. d. United States nuclear weapons may be employed in support of Allied forces, using either United States or Allied delivery means. The nuclear warhead section (to include artillery projectiles) remains under the control of United States military personnel until time of launching or firing. e. A commander who plans to employ a nuclear weapon coordinates with any adjacent unit commander into whose zone, or sector, militarily significant weapon effects are expected to extend. Lacking concurrence, the commander requests authority to fire from the next higher commander who controls both sectors. f. Nuclear firepower is a form of combat power. Nuclear weapons may, on occasion, be used alone to accomplish tasks that might otherwise require
the maneuver of close combat units; however, most tasks require a combination of fire and maneuver. Plans for the employment of nuclear firepower, nonnuclear firepower, and maneuver forces are integrated to provide decisive results. g. Nuclear weapons are employed to destroy or degrade enemy combat capabilities. Consistent with the requirements imposed by the tactical mission, casualties among civilian personnel are held to a minimum. Destruction of manmade structures or natural terrain features, tree blowdown or fire areas, and creation of high-intensity residual contamination areas may create undesired obstacles to movement. Consistent with military objectives, unnecessary destruction and contamination should be held to a minimum. h. Commanders employ the smallest and most readily available weapon with a sufficiently high probability of providing the coverage that insures the desired results. i. Commanders employ surface bursts when surface bursts accomplish the results desired more effectively than do Airbursts. j. Commanders conduct poststrike analysis as required. Condition: Good.
Keywords: Military Manuals, Field Manuals, Fleet Manuals, Nuclear Weapons, Staff Officers, Nuclear Employment Doctrine, Nuclear Employment Procedures, Target Analysis, Weapon Effects, Residual Radiation, Damage Assessment