Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992. First Printing [Stated]. Hardcover. xi, , 189,  pages. DJ is in a plastic sleeve. Foreword by John Y. Simon. Footnotes. Notes. Index. Howard C. Westwood was a partner in the Washington law firm of Covington & Burling and a specialist in airline law as well as a Civil War authority. Mr. Westwood joined Covington & Burling in 1934 and retired in 1979. Since then, he had been of counsel to the firm. His law practice included helping develop government regulation of airlines and the Civil Aeronautics Act, and the representation of clients in the airline industry. From the mid-1950s to the mid-1970's, Mr. Westwood also worked on legal aid for indigents. He was a founder of the Legal Aid Society and in 1992 was awarded its "Servant of Justice" award. Mr. Westwood had written more than 30 articles on the Civil War for historical journals and had presented more than 25 papers to Civil War round tables in Washington and elsewhere. His first book, "Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen During the Civil War," was published in 1992. He was a board member of the Ulysses S. Grant Association of Carbondale, Illinois. He graduated from Columbia University law school. He was clerk to U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harlan F. Stone for a year before joining Covington & Burling. During World War II, he was a Marine Corps drill instructor at Parris Island, S.C. The important roles played by blacks in the Civil War have only recently drawn the scholarly attention they so richly merit. Now Howard C. Westwood's articles on this topic have been collected together with an original essay written especially for this volume. In the ten probing essays collected in this volume, Howard C. Westwood recounts the often bitter experiences of black men who were admitted to military service and the wrenching problems associated with the shifting status of African Americans during the Civil War. Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen during the Civil War covers topics ranging from the roles played by Lincoln and Grant in beginning black soldiery to the sensitive issues that arose when black soldiers (and their white officers) were captured by the Confederates. The essays relate the exploits of black heroes such as Robert Smalls, who single-handedly captured a Confederate steamer, as well as the experiences of the ignoble Reverend Fountain Brown, who became the first person charged with violating the Emancipation Proclamation. Although many thousands were enlisted as soldiers, blacks were barred from becoming commissioned officers and for a long time they were paid far less than their white counterparts. These and other blatant forms of discrimination understandably provoked discontent among black troops which, in turn, sparked friction with their white commanders. Westwood's fascinating account of the artillery company from Rhode Island amply demonstrates how frustrations among black soldiers came to be seen as "mutiny" by some white officers. Condition: Very good / Very good.
Keywords: African-Americans, Negro, Black Soldiers, Benjamin Butler, David Hunter, Rufus Saxton, Mutiny, Execution, Fountain Brown, Emancipation Proclamation, Robert Smalls, Ulysses Grant, Freedmen, Edwin Stanton, Civil War