The Indians of the Southeastern United States; Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137

Washington DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1946. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Wraps. xiii, 943, [1 pages], plus plates. Folding charts. Maps. Source Materials. Bibliography. Index. Cover has some wear, soiling, tears and chips. Signed on front and title page by R. E. Bellamy! John Reed Swanton (February 19, 1873 – May 2, 1958) was an American anthropologist, folklorist, and linguist who worked with Native American peoples throughout the United States. Swanton achieved recognition in the fields of ethnology and ethnohistory. He is particularly noted for his work with indigenous peoples of the Southeast and Pacific Northwest. Within months of receiving his doctorate from Harvard, Swanton began working for the Bureau of American Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, at which he continued for the duration of his career, spanning more than 40 years. Swanton first did fieldwork in the Northwest. In his early career, he worked mostly with the Tlingit and Haida. He produced two extensive compilations of Haida stories and myths, and transcribed many of them into Haida. These transcriptions have served as the basis for Robert Bringhurst's translation of the poetry of Haida mythtellers Skaay and Ghandl. Another major study area was of the Muskogean-speaking peoples in Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. Swanton published extensively on the Creek people, Chickasaw, and Choctaw. He also documented analyses about many other less well-known groups, such as the Biloxi, Ofo, and Tunica. Swanton wrote works including partial dictionaries, studies of linguistic relationships, collections of native stories, and studies of social organization. Materials collected from early writings about the Creek Indians and other Southeastern tribes, notes accumulated about the material cultures of these peoples, new material gathered by the author, and sketches of the later histories of these tribes have been combined with published information to study the histories and cultures of these Indian tribes. More than 175 tribes are considered. From an encyclopedic entry found on-line: The land along the Atlantic Coast was inhabited long before the first English settlers set foot in North America. There were more than two dozen Native American groups living in the southeast region, loosely defined as spreading from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico. These nations included the Chickasaw (CHIK-uh-saw), Choctaw (CHAWK-taw), Creek (CREEK), Cherokee (CHAIR-oh-kee), and Seminole (SEH-min-ohl). By the time of European contact, most of these Native American tribes had settled in villages of 500 people or fewer, and grew corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, greens, tobacco, and other crops. The southeast Native Americans also gathered berries, nuts, wild plants, and roots from the surrounding forests. For the most part, women tended the fields while men hunted, fished, and engaged in trade with one another, as well as with other groups to the north and west. Life for the southeastern nations, as for Native Americans throughout the Americas, changed with European exploration and colonization. The Native Americans had no immunity to smallpox or other diseases Europeans carried, and the spread of these diseases killed thousands of Indigenous people. Others were killed or enslaved by the Spanish explorers who led 16thcentury expeditions through the Southeast. These factors weakened the remaining tribes. Many joined with larger or stronger groups, such as the Cherokee and the Creek. With colonization came a desire to convert Native Americans to Christianity and to encourage (or force) them to adopt European cultures and traditions. These efforts were more successful in the Southeast than most parts of North America; indeed, five southeastern nations (the Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole) later became known as the “Five Civilized Tribes.” Europeans viewed even the most “civilized” tribes as inferior, however, and waves of European immigrants encroached on the Native Americans’ land. The southeastern tribes signed treaties to cede land to the colonies and moved, only to be followed by new settlers looking for new land. Conflicts between Native Americans and white settlers often erupted into violence. The southeastern Native Americans could not defend themselves against the colonists’ seemingly never-ending demand for land. Like other Native Americans, they were pushed farther west and, eventually, onto reservation land. Condition: Good / No dust jacket issued.

Keywords: Native Americans, Indians, Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Hernando de Soto, Tribal Names, Hunting, Clothing, Ornamentation, Utensils, Implements, Mnemonic, Ceremonials, Burial, Customs, Marriage, Luis de Moscoso, R. E. Bellamy

[Book #85090]

Price: $125.00

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