London: Oxford University Press, Issued under the auspices of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1967. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Hardcover. 22.5 cm. xix, 331,  pages. Abbreviations. Diagrams. Footnotes. Appendices: Tables. Select Bibliography. Subject Index. Index of Names. DJ somewhat worn, with small tears and chips, and soiled. John Gittings is a British journalist and author who is mainly known for his work on modern China and the Cold War. From 1983 to 2003, he worked at The Guardian (UK) as assistant foreign editor and chief foreign leader-writer. He has been a fellow of the Transnational Institute. He was educated at Midhurst Grammar School (1950–56), the School of Oriental and African Studies (1957–58), and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, (1958–61). He taught at the Polytechnic of Central London (now the University of Westminster), before going to The Guardian, where he was employed for 20 years (1983–2003), as assistant foreign editor and chief foreign leader-writer. He has also worked in the past at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, the University of Chile, and the Far Eastern Economic Review. Since the Chinese Communist victory of 1949, the Chinese People's Liberation Army has been transformed from a revolutionary force to an established army of national defense, with a regular and professional character. The author examines the transformation and modernization of the People's Liberation Army from the civil war period (1946-1949) to the mid-1960's. Particular attention is paid to the effects of the army's transformation since 1949 on its political and social roles, with chapters on the militia, on the army and society, and on the party's reaction against professionalism and its revival of revolutionary practices in the 1960's. Two concluding chapters examine the character and status of the military leadership from 1949 to the 1960's. From a commentary from RAND found on-line: John Gittings analyzes the events of the years 1946-1965. His analysis constitute a series of informative essays, Mr. Gittings makes some interesting points--among them, the observation that the source of the Party's critical attitude toward the People's Liberation Army must be sought less in a declining interest in military modernization than in a shift in national priorities toward restoration of the economy and a growing disenchantment with the Soviet model. As Mr. Gittings points out, the conflict between the need to construct a modernized army and the need to ensure that such an army preserves its revolutionary character has never been more clearly displayed than during the Cultural Revolution. Condition: Very good / Good.
Keywords: People's Liberation, Red China, Mao Tse-tung, Mao Zedong, Lin Piao, Korean War, Nuclear Weapons, Military Leadership, Militia, Political control, Modernization, Revolutionary Model, Military Expenditure