The Rajput Rebellion Against Aurangzeb; A Study of the Mughal Empire in Seventeenth-Century India

Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1977. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Hardcover. The format is approximately 5.25 inches by 8.5 inches. xi, [1], 119, [5] pages. Footnotes. Glossary. Maps. Bibliography. Index . DJ is price clipped and in a plastic sleeve. DJ has some wear and soiling. Some edge soiling. Contents: 1). The contemporary setting. 2). The Rajput state. 3). The Rajput princes as imperial Mansabdars. 4). The Mansabdari system under Aurangzeb (1615-1678). 5). Marwar and Mewar on the eve of the Rajput rebellion. 6). The Rajput rebellion: Marwar and rhe Rathors. 7). Mewar and the Rathor rebellion. 8). The imperial phase of the Rajput rebellion: prince Abkar's revolt. 9). The aftermath of the rebellion: Mewar and Marwar. 10). Religion as factor in the Rajput rebellion. 11). Conclusion. A Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, 'son of a king') is a member of one of the patrilineal clans of western, central, northern India and some parts of Pakistan. The Rajput rebellion began in 1708, due to the harsh treatment of the Rajput Rajas by the Mughal emperor. It erupted into a two-year rebellion that forced the Mughal emperor to sue for peace, give them gifts, and restore the Rajput holdings which had been annexed by the previous Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. After the death of Aurangzeb, a battle for succession began amongst the Mughal princes. Jai Singh II was a teenager then and commanded a thousand troops under Bidar Bakht. On 8 June 1707, Bidar Bakht and his father Azam Humayun were killed in battle. Jai Singh was helpless and was forced to retreat with the battered army. Bahadur Shah after becoming the new emperor marched towards Rajputana where the Rathors under Durgadas had been fighting the Mughals for thirty years. Ajit Singh had taken Jodhpur after the death of Aurangzeb and ousted Mehrab Khan and the Mughal garrisons. During this campaign Bahadur Shah was suspicious of Jai Singh II as he had been a good friend of Bidar Bakht and fought Bahadur at Jajau. Therefore, when Bahadur Shah stopped at Amber on 10 January 1708 on his way to Marwar, he removed Jai Singh from his post and made him an ordinary Jagirdar. When Bahadur Shah reached close to Marwar, Ajit Singh started negotiations after seeing the size of the imperial army. The emperor forced Ajit Singh and Jai Singh II to march with him and empowered Bijay Singh by giving him the title of Mirza Raja. Ajit Singh and Jai Singh II fled from the Mughal camp when they got a chance at Mandleshwar on 21 April 1708, they met Maharana Amar Singh and made an alliance. Jai Singh II also married the Maharana's daughter. The Rajput rebellion had thus begun. During this time, the Rajput states of Marwar and Amber united against the Turks, against whom all of Rajputana had taken up arms. Jai Singh and Durgadas Rathore were made the leaders of this rebellion. The Mughal regent Asad Khan tried his best to sue for peace with the Rajput Rajas however it was too late. Ajit Singh and Jai Singh had taken their capitals back from the Mughal Garrisons. Jodhpur was captured in July and Amber in October 1708. The Rajputs also took all the Mughal treasury of Sambhar and distributed it among the people. When Bahadur Shah got to know of this defeat, he immediately tried to sue for peace by offering to restore Ajit Singh and Jai Singh to their thrones, however the Rajputs demanded the restoration of their lands that had been forcefully taken by Aurangzeb in 1679 and the expulsion of the Mughals from Rajputana. The Mughal Emperor was not ready to do this and the war continued. On 24 March 1710, Muhammad Shah, the governor of Tonk was defeated and forced to abandon his holdings. The Rajput Rajas had formed military outposts at Rewari and Narnaul, 45 miles from Delhi and sent their armies towards Delhi, Rohtaka and Agra to harass the Mughals. Jai Singh also started sending letters to the Bundelas, Sikhs and the Marathas in order to spread discontent in the country against the Mughals. Bahadur Shah had no choice but to negotiate with the Rajputs. Gifts and letters were sent to the two rebel Rajas in May 1710. The rise of Banda Singh Bahadur and death of Wazir Khan, faujdar of Sirhind, further caused fear in the Mughal court and on 11 June 1710 Jai Singh and Ajit Singh were invited to the Mughal court and were given robes of honor, presents and governorships of Malwa and Gujarat. Condition: Good / Good.

Keywords: Moghul, Mogul, Hindustan, Aurangzib, Rajputs, Rajwarra, Akbar, Mewar, Marwar, Mansbdars, Mansabdari, Rathors

ISBN: 0826202225

[Book #87564]

Price: $150.00

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