A History of The Great War 1914-1918

Oxford: Clarendon Press [Oxford University], 1934. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Hardcover. xii, [2], 649, [3] pages. Frontispiece. Footnotes. Illustrations. Maps (one folding). Appendix on Casualties. Index. Decorative front cover and spine. Name in ink on fep. Bookseller sticker inside front cover. Minor page discolortion noted. Charles Robert Mowbray Fraser Cruttwell JP (23 May 1887 – 14 March 1941) was a British historian and academic who served as dean and later principal of Hertford College, Oxford. His field of expertise was modern European history, his most notable work being A History of the Great War, 1914–18. Cruttwell gained first-class honours at The Queen's College, Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, in 1911, and he became a lecturer in history at Hertford College the following year. His academic career was interrupted by service in the First World War during which he suffered severe wounds; he returned to Oxford in 1919 and became dean of Hertford, and then principal of the college in 1930. Cruttwell's term as Hertford's principal saw the production of his most important scholarly works, including his war history which earned him the degree of DLitt. Beyond his college and academic duties Cruttwell held various administrative offices within the university, and was a member of its Hebdomadal Council, or ruling body. In private life Cruttwell served as a Justice of the Peace in Hampshire, where he had a home, and stood unsuccessfully for the university's parliamentary seat in the 1935 general election, representing the Conservative Party. Ill-health, aggravated by his war injuries, caused his retirement from the Hertford principalship in 1939. On the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, Cruttwell was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 1/4th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment, a Territorial Force unit in which his brother was also serving. By 1915 he was serving in the trenches, in France and Flanders, and led numerous patrols into no man's land, receiving a severe leg wound. Early in 1916, persistent myalgia and rheumatism led to him being declared unfit for further active service. In August 1917 he was an instructor with an Officer Training Battalion in Oxford, and late in the war joined the Intelligence Department at the War Office. Demobilized in 1919, he resumed his academic life in Oxford, and in 1922 published a short history of his regiment's wartime exploits. Apart from its physical effects, Cruttwell's wartime experience seemingly inflicted permanent psychological damage on his personality, replacing the general good manners of his youth with a short-tempered, impatient and bullying character.[6] The novelist Evelyn Waugh, an undergraduate at Hertford in the 1920s, wrote later that "It was as though he had never cleansed himself from the muck of the trenches". His standing as a military historian is largely based on his 1934 Great War history, which Ellis praises as "most notable for its frank and fearless judgments on those identified as the principal actors (military, naval and political) in that tragic conflict". The work was widely praised in the press at the time of publication;[The Naval Review thought that its description of the Battle of Jutland was "admirable": "for those who wish to gain a clear but not too detailed idea of the general course of the war, and of the relations of the different parts of it to one another, the book should be invaluable". Historian Llewellyn Woodward considered it "the most profound study of any war in modern times", and the inspiration for his own Great War history of 1970, while strategist Colin S. Gray describes Cruttwell as "the most balanced of the historians of that conflict" Condition: Good.

Keywords: World War I, Tannenberg, Ypres, von Spee, Naval Blockade, Dardanelles, Verdun, Somme, Jutland, Mesopotamia, Submarines, Russian Revolution, Messines, Passchendaele, Caporetto, Cambrai, Zeebrugge, Ostend, Armistice, Palestine

[Book #87805]

Price: $115.00

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