Archaeological Project (Proyecto Arqueologico)

Eduardo Hiroso (Photography) Lima, Peru: Melchorita Peru LNG, 2010. First Edition [Stated], First Printing [Stated]. Hardcover in thin paper slipcase (has some wear). [4]. 9-220 (4) pages. Text is in English and Portuguese/Brazilian. Illustrations (mostly in color). Artifact catalogue. DJ has some wear and soiling. Mass produced letter to 'colleagues and friends' laid in. Prologue by Dr. Juan Ossio Acuna, Minister of Culture. PERU LNG's Archaeology Project book which summarizes the archaeological research and recovery work carried out by the company during the construction state along its approximately 254 mile pipeline, as well as in the area of the Melchorita Plant, and the neighboring rock quarry. PERU LNG's Archaeology Project goes beyond the requirements of the state, honoring its commitment to respect and preserve Peru's cultural heritage. In this sense, PERU LNG undertook a far-reaching archaeology project that included the assessment of 277 sites and the recovery of 137 of these sites, with the support of more than 200 archaeologists and 2,000 local community members. With this book we share the discoveries made during the research, which include a wide range of items like ceramics, metal ornaments and utilitarian objects that depict the life of ancient Peruvians. This book also represents the public-private partnership that can make possible research in hard-to-reach places, thereby uncovering valuable knowledge about Peruvian history. The archaeology program of the PERU LNG Project has also made significant contributions to world heritage. The contributions that the PERU LNG Archaeological Project has made in regards to methods, public participation, dissemination of results, and our understanding of past human societies. All archaeological sites and objects in Peru are protected by Peruvian law. The Ministry of Culture (Ministerio de Cultura, or MINCU, formerly the INC) is the governmental agency in charge of managing Peru’s cultural patrimony, including archaeological sites. The INC has strict regulations regarding what must be done in order to excavate an archaeological site. According to the Peruvian General Law of the Nation’s Cultural Patrimony (Ley General del Patriomonio Cultural de la Nación – Ley No. 28296), all archaeological materials are the property of the State, regardless of where they are found and how they are recovered. Peruvian law stipulates that archaeological investigations must take place before the initiation of any construction activity by private companies and governmental agencies. All archaeological materials recovered during these investigations are then handed over to the State. The Peruvian Regulation of Archaeological Investigations (Reglamento de Investigaciones Arqueológicos – Resolución Suprema No. 004-2000-ED) and later modifications provide for four types of archaeological projects by private companies: 1) Survey Projects without Excavations; 2) Evaluation Projects with Excavations; 3) Archaeological Rescue Projects; and 4) Emergency Projects. Under normal circumstances, the archaeological investigation of a future construction area begins with a Phase I survey, which is designed to identify potential archaeological sites within the Project Area. After the archaeological survey is completed, a Phase II evaluation must be performed for all potential archaeological sites identified during the survey). The purpose of the archaeological evaluation is to determine whether or not the sites are in fact archaeological and to determine the sites’ boundaries. Unlike in the United States and many other countries, all archaeological sites are considered to be significant, regardless of their size, nature, and integrity. Historic archaeological sites, however, are generally not protected, although Peruvian laws and regulations do not explicitly exclude them from such protection. After the archaeological evaluation is completed, a Phase III rescue (i.e., data recovery) must be performed for all of the sites confirmed to be archaeological during the evaluation. The purpose of the archaeological rescue is to excavate all archaeological remains and recover all artifacts located within the Project Area. Unlike in many other countries, Phase III projects do not employ sampling strategies, but are instead full data recoveries. After each phase is completed under the supervision of an INC archaeologist, a final report must be submitted and approved by the INC before the next phase can commence. After the Phase III rescue report is approved, the INC issues a Certificate of the Inexistence of Archaeological Remains (Certificado de Inexistencia de Restos Arqueológicos, or CIRA) for the Project Area. This CIRA serves as a
permit to begin construction activities in the Project Area. If new areas are required for construction, the entire process must be followed and a new CIRA issued for these areas. Peruvian law protects any and all archaeological resources discovered within an area even after a CIRA has been issued, including sites that were missed and subsurface remains that were not visible during the survey. As a result, governmental agencies and private companies are required to obtain INC approval for and implement archaeological monitoring plans. Under these plans, professional archaeologists monitor all construction activities. Archaeological remains discovered during construction, which are known as chance finds (hallazgos fortúitos), must be fully excavated under the monitoring plan (in the case of small sites or sites with no integrity) or as part of new Phase II and III projects.
Condition: Very good / Good.

Keywords: LNG Project, Archaeology, Melchorita Plant, Pipeline, Artifacts, Peru, Ceramics, Metal Ornaments, Public-Private Partnership, Corpas Complex, Bernales, Rumajasa, Pumapuquio, Rescue Sites

[Book #88033]

Price: $225.00

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