The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39; American Hemispheric Perspectives

Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1982. Presumed First Edition, First printing. Hardcover. xxiv, 357, [3] pages. Annotated Chronology. The Contributors. Index DJ has some wear, tears and soiling. From front flap: This book is the first major study of the Spanish civil war as an issue in the domestic and foreign policies of the Spanish-speaking nations of the Western Hemisphere. As such, it refracts much that is already familiar to the American reader through a new prism--the world of Spanish-American politics and culture. It also considers the legacy of the war, including large refugee populations and a political tradition of ideological violence that continues to afflict much of Spanish America today. Casting new light on the political life of the region over the last four decades, it constitutes a fresh contribution to the study of the role of Spain in the quest for national and cultural identity in Latin America. A chapter on the United States and the Spanish war places matters in an additional focus--emphasizing the perennial conflict between "Hispanic" and "Anglo-Saxon" poles found in Spanish-American life. Mark Falcoff (born 1941) is an American scholar and policy consultant who has worked with a number of think tanks, such as the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), the Hoover Institution, and the Council on Foreign Relations. Fredrick B. Pike (1926) is an American historian, professor at the University of Notre Dame, who has published several works on the history of Latin America, with the study of countries such as Peru or Chile, as well as like about Spain or the United States. Derived from a review by George Esenwein inHispanic American Historical Review (1983) 63 (4): 786–788. When the Spanish civil war erupted in July 1936, it at once provoked European countries into action: Germany and Italy swiftly dispatched aid to the Nationalists, Russia intervened on the Republican side, while the Western Democracies committed themselves to a policy of nonintervention in the hope of avoiding a general European conflagration. In Latin American countries, however, the Spanish conflict was not perceived as an immediate and pressing issue, and accordingly, it elicited a different set of responses. The impact of the war on six Latin American countries is the subject of the essays in this work. Following “the Disaster” of 1898, Spain lost the last remnants of its colonial empire in the New World. But, as these articles clearly show, a deeply rooted cultural legacy periodically reinforced by waves of Spanish immigrants perpetuated Spain’s ties to its former colonies. According to Mark Falcoff, the outbreak of civil war in Spain served to underscore this special relationship, not least because it coincided with major turning points in many Latin American countries. Faced with a worldwide economic crisis and chronic internal disorders, most Latin American governments refused to be drawn into the Spanish arena. Mexico alone, as T. G. Powell points out in his perceptive contribution, took a firm stand on the Spanish issue, providing generous aid to the Republican cause. The authors’ detailed discussions of the domestic affairs of the countries in question are invaluable for elucidating the process by which Latin American governments formulated their individual policies on the Spanish civil war. Interestingly, the reader finds that governments rarely sought to attain a grasp of the complex issues surrounding the conflict, but rather were content to view it in terms of the circumstances specific to their respective countries. Thus the ardently pro-Republican Lázaro Cárdenas saw in the Spanish events a reflection of the struggles taking place in Mexico, whereas, because he was intent on cultivating a liberal image in Cuba, Fulgencio Batista found it politically expedient also to declare his Republican sentiments. Latin American countries did not prove to be more perceptive about the civil war than did their European counterparts. All the articles concentrating on the Latin American countries reflect original research and a high standard of scholarship. The ultimate value of this collection lies in the fact that by focusing on the Spanish civil war the authors have provided an illuminating commentary on a crucial period in Latin America. Scholars of the Spanish civil war will benefit from the informative discussions regarding the fate of exiled Republican communities in Latin America. Condition: Very good / Good.

Keywords: Spanish Civil War, Southern Hemisphere, Fulgencio Batista, Lazaro Cardenas, Francisco Franco, Jose Marti, Primo de Rivera, Eduardo Santos, International Relations, Republican Spain, Laureano Gomez

ISBN: 080321961X

[Book #88077]

Price: $85.00

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